How are you? Today I’m here for talking about another beautiful place in Marche. If you are living or you know somebody of this region, the first peculiar fact you notice is the accent.
The place I want to talk about is: Macerata
Colonized between the III and II century AC by romans, it was called Helvia Recina and it was a not big city. During the V century, Goti invasions forced the population to move on the hills and that’s how the medieval center was formed.
For centuries the city was divided in two areas, one indipendent and one under the Fermo’s Rules. In the 1138, after a series of fights, the not indipendent area gained the right of being an indipendent district and in the same year the two areas had become one under the name Macerata with San Giuliano as saint protector.
As a new district, Macerata needed a flag it was chosen a milling machine on a red shield with a crown above it, but it changed in 1570 when Pope Pio V let the addition of a red cross in white field because of Macerata agreed for the crusade in 1188.
During the 1300 began the “Signorie Era” when the Molucci’s family became the ruler of Macerata. During this period were built different churches like Santa Maria della Porta, San Francesco, Santa Maria alla Pace builted as symbol of peace between Guelfi and Ghibellini and the Casa della Podestà, located in Piazza del Mercato.
After decades of peace, all the area was occupied from Francesco Sforza in the 1433.
The followed century was the golden century for the city. Flourishing in economic and bureaucratic field, on this century’s first years there was the fear of an invasion led by Lanzichenecchi so it was decided to build a wall up which enclosed the city. In the following years the central place was changed in shape by Cassiano da Fabriano and Lattanzio Ventura, the Santa Casa di Loreto’s architect who edified also the Palazzo Legatizio, Palazzo allo Studio – now municipal office -, the operations for the construction of the Torre Civica restarted and at the end of the century because of the limited space it was permitted to build houses outside the wall.
It’s important to remember the Accademia degli Incatenati, an academy for the study of letters and arts founded on the 1574 by Gerolamo Zoppio and in which joined Giovanni Marco Crescimbeni, Torquato Tasso and Niccolò Tommaseo.
After a golden century, a dark century came. Pope Clemente VIII centralized all the political power to Rome whit the result that Macerata lost part of its territory and suffered a regression in economic and demographic terms which will continue during the 1700 with the conquer led by Napoleon.
In the 1800, more precisely in the 1817, in Macerata was organized the first Carbonari’s – a secret society – insurrection. After the Castelfidardo’s battle, in Macerata was built a temporary Government office with the goal to guide the Marche becoming part of the Italian kingdom, however, Macerata, which was loyal to Rome, lost all its power and because of the Pope Pio IX rules, most of the Macerata’s people weren’t able to vote nor to take part to the political life even if most of them were attracted by it.
During the Second World War, in the 1943, Macerata’s inhabitants rejoiced for the end of the fascism, but it ended soon due to the nazi’s invasions. Macerata was released on the 30 June 1944 by partisans.
MUST TO SEE
– Civic library Mozzi Borgetti
The civic library Mozzi Borgetti was built in 1773 on the former Collegio della Compagnia di Gesù’s headquarter.
Nowadays this library is considered the most important library institutes in Marche.
It contains more than 350,000 volumes, 10,000 manuscripts, more than 4,000 documents written in the 1500 and musical and theatrical pieces.
On the entrance it’s possible to see the Benedetto Cairoli and Pope Gregorio XVI’s chests
– Cattedrale di Macerata
Built between 1459 and 1464 it was rebuilt before the ‘400 and then in the ‘700. Due to a lack of funds the church was never completed.
In this place it’s possible to see the Cena di Emmaus (Supper at Emmaus) and the Ultima Cena (Last Supper) painted by Filippo Bellini in the ‘600 and a majestic stairway let you enter to the inferior church with three altars entitled to the Virgin.
– Palazzo Ricci
Palazzo Ricci (Palace Ricci) was built during the second half of 1500 and it was modified in 1700.
This palace is one the most important in Macerata. Inside this palace is possible to see paintings of the most famous artists in the ‘900 and in the undergrounds there are often cultural exhibitions.
– Piazza della Libertà (Freedom Square)
Located in the center of the city, Piazza della Libertà is tied by Palazzo del Comune, San Paolo’s Church and the Clock Tower. On the right side it’s possible to see the entrance for Palazzo dell’Università.
Considered one of the outdoor theaters with the best acoustic in Italy, the Sferisterio was built between the 1700 and 1800, ordered by a group of rich men who wanted to give to Macerata a place for the spectacles. The project was ideated by Ireneo Aleandri in 1852. In the 1921 in this theatre was played as first opera the Giuseppe Verdi’s Aida.
MUST TO EAT
If you are in Macerata you can’t leave this place without eating:
– Pecorino vissano: made of sheep milk and it is possible to eat as condiment or as table cheese;
– Ciauscolo: a sausage made of pork meat. You can rub it on a bread slice;
– Cappelletti in brodo di gallina (chicken soup with cappelletti): a peculiar kind of ravioli with meat inside on it and a soup made boiling a chicken;
WINE TO DRINK
Last but not least here we are arriving at the wine section:
– Colli maceratesi: a white wine to drink during starter and firs plate;
– Verdicchio di Matelica: another white wine made using Verdicchio’s grapes. It’s suggested to drink it during appetizers or with fish;
– Vernaccia di Serrapetrona: a DOCG (it means that the grapes come from a peculiar area – Vernaccia- and with a certain technique for the production) red sparkling wine good with desserts.
With this it’s all and I hope you enjoyed this new travel in Marche.
Tell me if you need to know more in detail about a city just leaving a comment.
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