Today I’d like you to go with me to another Marche’s City, next stop: Fermo!
It’s possible to find Fermo’s beginnings before the conquest by Roman empire in 264BC, when it became one of the most important colonies with the right to produce money. Its name come from the reason of Roman conquest, infact, Fermo was a guard stati on for controlling another Roman colony, Piceno, that’s why it’s called Fermo.
Between 575 and 580 it was annexed under the Longombard reign and during the 10th century under Frank reign. In the 1095, Pope Urbano II came to Fermo for preaching the First Crusade.
Historically speaking, it’s important to remember the “Bread Resurrection” in 1648. In that year, city’s magisters asked to the Milan vice governor, Uberto Maria Visconti, to not send to Rome the entire quantity of bread that was asked, because Fermo’s citizens couldn’t endure such loss and they’d entered in a period of famine, but the Visconti refused and on the 6 July 1648 a ship with soldiers was sended to Fermo. This fact was read as a forced execution for taking the grain and the resurrection began.
During the riot Visconti was killed and a flag, symbol of indipendence, was lift on Palazzo dei Priori.
The repression by the papacy was cruel but the order was restaurate.
Because of is simpathy for the papal state and the noble class, during the Italian Unity, Fermo was annexed to Ascoli Piceno with the aim of marginalize its importance.
Nowadays Fermo is famous for its shoes and manifacture factories.
MUST TO SEE
Here’s a list of what, in my honest opinion, you should see when you go to Fermo.
Created in 1250 under the Innocenzo VI’s papacy, when all the people who worked for building the church obtained the indulgence, it was builded up in 1360.
This church is famous for its frescoes realized during various centuries. In 1377 the Saint Spina’s relic was added to the church.
Duomo is the most important holy building in Fermo. Devoted to Santa Maria raised to Heaven, it was builded over a stratification of architectural remains about Roman and Middelage period. The nowadays Duomo is the result of an order commanded by Archbishop Andrea Antonio Silverio Minnucci in 1700. The facade is made in Istria’s stone, in the middle there is a portal with carved columns and on the left side of the facade it’s possible to see the bellfry wich belonged to the previous Early Christian Basilica, destried in the 1776.
On the edge of the Duomo’s roof there is a cock wich its existence hail from 1423.
-Palazzo dei Priori
Palazzo dei Priori is a famous artistic and architectural building which nowadays has on it the famous “Pinacoteca Civica” ( Civic Picture Gallery).
The first documents about this building are from 1154, when it was part of the San Savino Monastery’s domains.
After being destroied during the French domination, it was rebuilded during theXVII century at the recent shape it has.
Nowadays it’s formed by three floors in which are located the Mayor office, the cited above Pinacoteca Civica and the Archeological Museum.
Composed of five halls, it’s placed inside the Palazzo dei Priori.
The most famous hall is the “Sala del Mappamondo” (Globe Hall or World Map Hall) and it’s the oldest one of the five halls. Times ago it was knowed as Sala delle Commedie (Performance Hall). Realized according to the will of Cardinal Decio Azzolini for placing his books, the hall is entirely covered by wood and inside the hall is exposed the globe ideated by Amanzio Moroncelli during his period as cosmograph for the Serenissima (Venice former name) in the 1713 and realized by Filippantonio Morrone.
The other halls are: Local History Hall, Gothic Art Hall -also known as Sala degli Ori-, ‘600 Hall -or Rubens Hall-, Renaissance Hall and, last but not least, Andrea Boscoli Hall.
the Teatro dell’Aquila (Eagle Theatre) has a capacity of 1000 seats around and it’s one of the biggest Marche’s opera house builded in the ‘700.
Builded by Cosimo Morelli with an oval hall and a set “a tre bocche”, it was inaugurated in 1790, then, during the years, part of the shape was changed until 1830 with the latest renewal made by Pietro Ghinelli.
MUST TO EAT
Here’s a list of all the delicious foods you can eat during your travel in Fermo city:
-Caciotta del Fermano
Produced in the Montefeltro Area, this kind of cheese is made aged for two to six months. The final product has a cylindrical shape with a dark ivory colour and its flavour change according to the area where it is produced and the kind of aging
Made only of pork, its weight can reach one kilogram. It can be recognized for its strong rosed colour and a mosaic formed by light and fat parts.
Maybe the most famous kind of bread in Marche.
Its shape is a disc one which is manually pressed leaving little sunken and its condiments are usually olive oil, onion and rosemary.
I suggest you to eat it with cooked vegetables.
As a lover non professional (yet) taster of wine, I suggest you to try the Montepulciano and the Sangiovese which are the portant columns of Fermo’s area, the Passerina “Chrisor” and the Falerio Pecorino, pruduced by the Ortenzi’s Cellar. Nowadays foreign cultivation are planted there like Chardonnay and Cabernet Sauvignon.
From Fermo it’s all foks, I hope you enjoyed this new “guide” (if you consider my blabbling a guide) and, of course, I hope you will keep to follow my strange blog.
Have a good day